KCMO Bike Parking Ordinance

The following sections of the KCMO development code apply to bicycle parking. 

See also: BikeWalkKC summary of bike parking regulations, the City’s overview of the development code, and full text of the development code.

88-420-09   Bicycle Parking

88-420-09-A. General

This section establishes requirements for short-term bicycle parking and long-term bicycle parking.

88-420-09-B. Short-Term

Short-term bicycle parking is generally intended to serve the needs of cyclists who park their bicycles for short time periods, including customers, clients and students.

1.           Spaces Required

(a)    Short-term bicycle parking is required for multi-unit residential buildings containing more than 12 dwelling units and all nonresidential development. Unless otherwise expressly stated, all multi-unit residential buildings containing more than 12 dwelling units and all nonresidential uses must provide at least 3 short-term bicycle parking spaces or short-term bicycle spaces equal in number to at least 10% of the actual number of off-street vehicle parking spaces provided, whichever is greater.

(b)   The following minimum short-term bicycle parking requirements apply to colleges, universities, schools and libraries:

(1)   Elementary and middle school: 1 space per 7 students;

(2)   High school: 1 space per 10 students;

(3)   Colleges and universities: 1 space per 4 students; and

(4)   Libraries: 1 space per 5 vehicle parking spaces.

(c)    After the first 50 short-term bicycle parking spaces are provided, additional short-term bicycle parking spaces must be provided at 50% of the otherwise required ratio.

2.           Design and Location

(a)    General

Inverted-U bike racks are required for short-term bicycle parking spaces. The city planning and development director is authorized to approve alternative designs that offer an equivalent level of safety, security and effectiveness. In all cases, required short-term bicycle parking spaces must:

(1)   consist of bike racks or lockers anchored so that they cannot be easily removed

(2)   be of solid construction, resistant to rust, corrosion, hammers, and saws;

(3)   allow both the bicycle frame and the wheels to be locked using a standard U-lock;

(4)   be designed so that they will not cause damage to the bicycle; and

(5)   facilitate easy locking without interference from or to adjacent bicycles.

(b)   Size

Required short-term bicycle parking spaces must have minimum dimensions of 2 feet in width by 6 feet in length, with a minimum overhead vertical clearance of 7 feet.

(c)    Location

(1)   Required short-term bicycle parking spaces may be located indoors or outdoors.

(2)   Such spaces must be located on private property unless a right-of-way encroachment permit is obtained in accordance with Section 18-40, Section 3201 of the city code.

(3)   Required short term-bicycle facilities must be located in highly visible, active, well-illuminated areas that do not interfere with pedestrian movements.

(4)   Required short term-bicycle facilities must be located as near as practicable to the building, in an area that is visible to customers and employees entering and leaving the premises.

(5)   If required short-term bicycle parking facilities are not visible from the abutting street or the public building entrance, signs must be posted indicating their location.

(6)   Short-term bicycle parking spaces located within parking structures must be located on the ground level.

88-420-09-C. Long-Term

Long-term bicycle parking is generally intended to serve the needs of cyclists who park their bicycles for long time periods, including employees and residents.

1.           Spaces Required

Long-term bicycle parking is required in accordance with the following minimum ratios:

U S E G R O U P

Use Category

└specific use type

Minimum Long-Term Bicycle Parking Ratio
R E S I D E N T I A L
Household Living
└Multi-unit building containing more than 12 dwelling units1 per 3 dwelling units
P U B L I C / C I V I C
Hospital1+1 per 10 beds
Library/Cultural Exhibit1+1 per 10,000 square feet
School1+1 per 2 classrooms
C O M M E R C I A L
Eating and Drinking Establishments1+1 per 5,000 square feet
Financial Services1+1 per 10,000 square feet
Food and Beverage Retail Sales1+1 per 5,000 square feet
Lodging1+1 per 30 rooms
Office, Admin., Professional or General1+1 per 10,000 square feet
Office, Medical1+1 per 10,000 square feet
Research Service1+1 per 10,000 square feet
Retail Sales1+1 per 10,000 square feet
I N D U S T R I A L
Manufacturing, Production and Industrial Service1 per 20 employees
Warehousing, Wholesaling, Freight Movement1 per 20 employees

[1] After the first 50 long-term bicycle parking spaces are provided, additional long-term bicycle parking spaces must be provided at 50% of the otherwise required ratio.

(a)    Design and Location
(1)           General

In all cases, required long-term bicycle parking spaces must:

a.           consist of bike racks or lockers anchored so that they cannot be easily removed

b.           be of solid construction, resistant to rust, corrosion, hammers, and saws;

c.           allow both the bicycle frame and the wheels to be locked using a standard U-lock;

d.           be designed so as not to cause damage to the bicycle; and

e.           facilitate easy locking without interference from or to adjacent bicycles.

(2)           Size

Required long-term bicycle parking spaces must have minimum dimensions of 2 feet in width by 6 feet in length, with a minimum overhead vertical clearance of 7 feet.

(3)           Location

Required long-term bicycle parking must be provided in at least one of the following locations:

a.           in a locked room;

b.           in an individual or community storage area;

c.           in a bicycle locker;

d.           in a locked area that is enclosed by a fence or wall with a minimum height of 8 feet;

e.           in a private garage serving a dwelling within a multi-unit (residential) building;

f.             inside a residential dwelling unit if the dwelling unit has an exterior ground floor entry;

g.           in an area within clear view of an attendant or security personnel;

h.           in an area continuously monitored by security cameras; or

i.             in an area that is visible to customers and employees entering and leaving the premises.

(4)           Covers

Long term bicycle parking spaces may be provided either indoors or outdoors. All outdoor spaces must be covered by a roof overhang, canopy, awning or other approved structure, or be enclosed within a bicycle locker.

88-420-09-D. Non-Accessory Parking Facilities

Non-accessory parking facilities containing more than 50 parking spaces must provide at least two long-term bicycle parking spaces for each 50 vehicle parking spaces within the parking facility.

88-420-09-E.  Administrative Adjustments

The city planning and development director is authorized to approve an administrative adjustment reducing the number of bicycle spaces required for a particular use in accordance with 88-570.

88-420-09-F.  Incentive for Other Bicycle Facilities

See 88-420-15-K.

88-420-15 ALTERNATIVE COMPLIANCE PARKING PLANS

88-420-15-K. Special Facilities for Bicyclists

The city planning and development director may authorize up to a 15% reduction in the number of required off-street parking spaces for developments or uses that make special provisions to accommodate bicyclists. Examples of eligible accommodations include enclosed bicycle lockers, employee shower facilities and dressing areas for employees. A reduction in required vehicle parking does not entitle the applicant to a reduction in required bicycle parking.